As the country secures the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) tranche, Pakistani bonds surged to their highest level in 15 months, raising hopes that additional international financial support is imminent, according to a local newspaper agency reported today.
Pakistan’s Bonds Reached It’s Highest Level
However, optimism regarding the nation’s economy despite the fact that the debt crisis is still gripping the nation, as evidenced by the tranche doubling the bonds from their level in late May.
The bond denominated in dollars, 2036, experienced the greatest increase, rising 2.4 cents to close at 57.76 cents on the dollar.
The 2025 maturity increased by less than 2 cents to 82.37 cents on the dollar, which is the highest it has been since May 2022.
Elections 2024 and Economic Stability
Expectations that a February election would bring about political stability and some degree of economic certainty fueled the rally’s most recent leg, which began last month.
The nation’s bonds have also benefited from last week’s agreement to unlock $700 million in IMF funding.
According to data from the central bank, the lost some of its trade competitiveness in October as it strengthened against a basket of the currencies of its main trading partners.
Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) Index Increased
The State Bank of Pakistan (SBP) reports that the Real Effective Exchange Rate (REER) index, which evaluates the value of the rupee in relation to a weighted average of multiple foreign currencies, increased to 98.6 in October from 91.7 in September.
A country has an advantage in international trade if its exports are more affordable and its imports are more expensive, as indicated by a REER below 100.
Higher REER values indicate the opposite. October saw a 7.51% month-over-month increase in the REER, but a 2.9% year-over-year decline to 101.57.
Nominal Effective Exchange Rate (NEER) Index
The rupee’s value is measured against the same basket of currencies using the Nominal Effective Exchange Rate (NEER) index, which does not account for inflation.
In October, the index saw a month-over-month increase of 6.5%, rising from 36.79 in September to 39.18 in October.
Furthermore, the NEER decreased from 49.89 in October 2022 to 21.46% year over year.
Ninety percent of Pakistan’s trade flows, or the trade weights of 37 countries, are used to calculate the NEER and REER.
Rupee Strengthens Against US Dollar
However, the currency market expects the rupee to rise to around 282 per dollar, at which point the SBP will resume purchasing dollars.
According to a dealer, the rupee will remain strong due to positive news flows such as multilateral funding and IMF executive board approvals.
To read our blog on “Pakistan may find it challenging to restructure its dollar-denominated bonds,” click here.